What is File Transfer Protocol?
FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol. In a nutshell, FTP is used to transfer computer files. You’ve probably used FTP before, even if you didn’t realize it. If you have downloaded something from the Internet, such as a new version of an application, it is very possible that you used FTP to do so.
FTP is also frequently used as a way to transfer web pages. FTP allows new web pages created by an individual to show up on the Internet. FTP essentially transfers these web page files to the computer server so others can access them. FTP can also be used to download files or programs from the Internet to your computer. When you download these files, you are transferring them from other servers through FTP.
FTP can allow you to transfer files over any two computers, as long as they both have an Internet connection. You can share folders that contain data like music, Word documents and more.
How does File Transfer Protocol Work?
When files are transferred through FTP, one of two actions is happening – uploading or downloading. Uploading involves transferring files from a personal computer to a server. Downloading involves transferring a file from a server to a personal computer. FTP uses TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) to transfer your files. TCP/IP is basically the language that the Internet uses to carry out commands.
If you are going to use File Transfer Protocol in order to download files, you should keep security concerns in mind. Files downloaded from the Internet may have viruses that can harm your computer.
One way to use FTP is to go through an FTP client. FTP clients may make it safer for your computer to download/upload files and help you avoid malware and viruses. Some FTP clients are pricey, while some are completely free. Using an FTP client is not a necessary step for transferring folders, but it may make uploading and downloading files easier to do.