Fiber Optics Installation Guide
This article contains information about the fiber optics installation process. You will find that fiber optic cable can be installed using the same techniques as that of installing conventional copper cables.
Conduct a Site Survey
You will need to conduct a site survey to unearth places that require special attention. For instance, physical locations that are challenged with high temperature should be mapped and cable routing planned accordingly. IF you are using metallic fiber optic cable, they should be installed away from the electric cable. You must also consider building regulations such as the National Electric Code (NEC).
Develop a Plan for Cable Pulling
The next step for fiber installation is to develop a plan for fiber optic cable pulling. This plan should address issues that you found during the site survey. A good cable pulling plan should include cable pulling logistics, pulling equipment, locations for access points and responsibility of each cable installation member.
Follow Proper Procedures
Fiber cable installation procedure is not a straightforward process. You will need to follow specific procedures. For example, fibers cables are sensitive to moisture, so you will need to cover them with heavy tables. The naked parts of the cables should not be left unattended.
Keep In Mind Cable Minimum Bend Radius
Every cable installation has its own minimum bend radius value. When you are placing the cable, make sure the cable is not bent to a small radius. If you have successfully installed the cable, you must bend the fiber cable to a smaller radius that is smaller than the application bend radius.
Keep in Mind the Cable Maximum Recommended Load
If you don’t know, fiber optic cables are stronger than copper cables. So when you are pulling the fiber cables, make sure the cable tension does not exceed the recommended level. In general, most fiber cables use a strength rating of at least 600 lbs. Once cable installation is complete, make sure the residual cable tension is less than the above value.
Leave Extra Cable
When you are placing the cable, make sure you leave an extra cable at the beginning and the end of fiber cable installation. Also, make sure extra cables are left at strategic points such as cable vaults, spice areas and junction boxes.
Document the Installation
You must keep good records about the essentials of fiber optics installation. In fact, this will ensure the fiber cable is installed as required and the forthcoming upgrading and troubleshooting is done in a simplified way.
To pull fiber cable effectively, without damaging the fiber optic fiber, it is recommended you identify stronger fiber optic materials and places within the cable. You must use the method that effectively pulls the materials without stressing the fiber.
If you are using the direct fiber optic attachment, the cable strength materials are tied directly when you are pulling the materials. It is recommended you use conventional cable tools. Make sure you avoid loose fiberglass threads because they are subjected to breakage.
If you are using the indirect attachment, you will find that pulling forces are often are distributed on the cable structure, but on the outer portion. If the cable strength materials are situated on the jacket, you will find that the least less amount of stress is applied to the fiber.
There are a plethora of cable lubricants that you can use to lower friction forces. Some of these lubricants include clay slurries, waxes, greases and water-based gels. In most cases, you will find that fiber optic jacket materials compatible with most lubricants.